# Excel ROUND Function: How to Round Numbers in Excel

If you’re working with **numbers in Excel**, you may often need to **round values** to a specific number of decimal places or to the nearest integer. The **Excel ROUND function** is a powerful tool that allows you to do just that. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know about using the **ROUND formula in Excel**, including its syntax, examples, and common use cases.

## What is the Excel ROUND Function?

The **Excel ROUND function** is a built-in formula that allows you to **round a number** to a specified number of digits. It takes two arguments: the number you want to round and the number of digits to which you want to round.

The syntax for the **ROUND function** is as follows:

`=ROUND(number, num_digits)`

`number`

: The value you want to round.`num_digits`

: The number of digits to which you want to round the number.- If
`num_digits`

is greater than 0, the number is rounded to the specified number of decimal places. - If
`num_digits`

is 0, the number is rounded to the nearest integer. - If
`num_digits`

is less than 0, the number is rounded to the left of the decimal point.

## How to Use the ROUND Function in Excel

Using the **ROUND formula in Excel** is straightforward. Simply follow these steps:

- Select the cell where you want the rounded value to appear.
- Type
`=ROUND(`

to start the formula. - Select the cell containing the number you want to round or type the number directly.
- Type a comma (
`,`

) to separate the arguments. - Enter the number of digits to which you want to round the number.
- Close the parentheses and press Enter.

The rounded value will appear in the selected cell.

## Examples of the ROUND Function

Let’s look at some examples to better understand how the **Excel ROUND function** works.

### Example 1: Rounding to a Specific Number of Decimal Places

Suppose you have the following data in your Excel worksheet:

Value |
---|

3.14159 |

27.8753 |

0.6789 |

-12.3456 |

To round these values to two decimal places, you would use the following formula:

`=ROUND(A2, 2)`

After applying the formula to each cell, your worksheet would look like this:

Value | Rounded Value |
---|---|

3.14159 | 3.14 |

27.8753 | 27.88 |

0.6789 | 0.68 |

-12.3456 | -12.35 |

### Example 2: Rounding to the Nearest Integer

If you want to round a number to the nearest integer, you can use the **ROUND function** with `num_digits`

set to 0.

For example, let’s say you have the following data:

Value |
---|

4.7 |

18.2 |

-9.6 |

0.5 |

To round these values to the nearest integer, you would use the following formula:

`=ROUND(A2, 0)`

After applying the formula, your worksheet would look like this:

Value | Rounded Value |
---|---|

4.7 | 5 |

18.2 | 18 |

-9.6 | -10 |

0.5 | 1 |

### Example 3: Rounding to the Left of the Decimal Point

You can also use the **ROUND function** to round numbers to the left of the decimal point by using a negative value for `num_digits`

.

Let’s consider the following data:

Value |
---|

1234.56 |

9876.54 |

-5432.1 |

To round these values to the nearest hundred, you would use the following formula:

`=ROUND(A2, -2)`

After applying the formula, your worksheet would look like this:

Value | Rounded Value |
---|---|

1234.56 | 1200 |

9876.54 | 9900 |

-5432.1 | -5400 |

## Common Use Cases for the ROUND Function

The **Excel ROUND function** is useful in various scenarios, such as:

**Financial calculations**: When working with financial data, you often need to round values to a specific number of decimal places, such as rounding currency values to two decimal places. For example, if you have a list of transactions with amounts like $27.897 and $13.421, you can use the**ROUND function**to round them to two decimal places for easier readability and consistency.**Scientific and engineering calculations**: In scientific and engineering fields, you may need to round measurements or results to a specific precision level. For instance, if you’re working with a dataset containing measurements like 3.14159 meters or 2.71828 kilometers, you can use the**ROUND function**to round these values to a desired number of decimal places, depending on the required accuracy for your calculations or reporting.**Data analysis**: When analyzing large datasets, rounding values can help simplify the data and make it easier to interpret. Suppose you have a dataset with thousands of numeric values, and you want to group them into categories based on their rounded values. You can use the**ROUND function**to round the values to the nearest integer or a specific number of decimal places, making it easier to categorize and analyze the data.**Formatting data for presentation**: When creating reports or presentations, rounding values can make the data more readable and visually appealing. For example, if you have a chart displaying sales figures like $1,234,567.89 and $9,876,543.21, you can use the**ROUND function**to round these values to the nearest thousand or million, making the chart labels cleaner and easier to read.

## Tips and Tricks for Using the ROUND Function

Here are some useful tips and tricks to keep in mind when using the **Excel ROUND formula**:

- If you want to always round up, use the
`ROUNDUP`

function instead of`ROUND`

. For example, if you have the value 3.14159 and you want to round it up to two decimal places, you would use`=ROUNDUP(3.14159, 2)`

, which returns 3.15. - If you want to always round down, use the
`ROUNDDOWN`

function. For instance, if you have the value 27.8753 and you want to round it down to two decimal places, you would use`=ROUNDDOWN(27.8753, 2)`

, which returns 27.87. - You can use cell references for the
`number`

and`num_digits`

arguments in the**ROUND function**, allowing you to easily update the rounded values if the original data changes. Instead of typing the numbers directly into the formula, you can refer to the cells containing the values, like`=ROUND(A2, B2)`

, where A2 contains the number to be rounded and B2 contains the number of digits to round to. - To round a number to a specific multiple, like the nearest 5 or 10, you can use the
`MROUND`

function. For example, to round the value 27 to the nearest multiple of 5, you would use`=MROUND(27, 5)`

, which returns 25. Similarly, to round 1234.56 to the nearest multiple of 100, you would use`=MROUND(1234.56, 100)`

, which returns 1200.

## Final Thoughts

The **Excel ROUND function** is an essential tool for anyone working with numerical data in Excel. By understanding its syntax, examples, and common use cases, you can easily round numbers to a specific number of decimal places or to the nearest integer. Remember to use the `ROUNDUP`

and `ROUNDDOWN`

functions when you need to always round up or down, respectively, and consider using the `MROUND`

function when you need to round to a specific multiple.

Mastering the **ROUND formula** in Excel will help you work more efficiently with your data, whether you’re dealing with financial calculations, scientific measurements, data analysis, or formatting data for presentations. By applying the tips and tricks covered in this guide, you’ll be able to make the most of this powerful function and streamline your Excel workflows.

## FAQs

### What is the syntax for the ROUND function in Excel?

### How do I round a number to the nearest integer using the ROUND function?

### Can I use the ROUND function to round numbers to the left of the decimal point?

### What other Excel functions can I use to round numbers?

### Can I use cell references in the ROUND function?

Vaishvi Desai is the founder of Excelsamurai and a passionate Excel enthusiast with years of experience in data analysis and spreadsheet management. With a mission to help others harness the power of Excel, Vaishvi shares her expertise through concise, easy-to-follow tutorials on shortcuts, formulas, Pivot Tables, and VBA.