# How to Use the Round Function in Excel with Formula Multiplication?

Microsoft Excel is a powerful spreadsheet application used by professionals and individuals alike for managing, analyzing, and visualizing data. One of the many useful functions in Excel is the ROUND function, which allows you to round numbers to a specified number of decimal places.

This function is particularly handy when working with formulas that involve multiplication, as it can help you keep your results clean and easy to read. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll walk you through how to use the ROUND function in Excel with formula multiplication, providing step-by-step instructions, practical examples, and helpful tips along the way.

## What is the ROUND Function in Excel?

Before diving into how to use the ROUND function with multiplication, let’s first understand what the ROUND function does. In simple terms, the ROUND function in Excel is a built-in mathematical function that rounds a number to a specified number of digits. The syntax for the ROUND function is as follows:

=ROUND(number, num_digits)

**number**is the value or cell reference that contains the number you want to round**num_digits**is the number of digits to which you want to round the number

For example, if you have the number 3.14159 in cell A1 and you want to round it to two decimal places, you would use the following formula:

=ROUND(A1, 2)

This would give you the result 3.14.

## Using ROUND with Formula Multiplication in Excel

Now that you understand the basics of the ROUND function let’s explore how you can use it in combination with multiplication formulas in Excel. Rounding the result of a multiplication formula can be extremely useful for presenting data in a more readable format, especially when working with large numbers or decimal values.

Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to use ROUND with formula multiplication:

### Step 1: Enter Your Data

To begin, enter your data into an Excel spreadsheet. For this example, let’s imagine we have a spreadsheet with two columns: “Price per Unit” and “Quantity”. Our goal is to multiply the price per unit by the quantity and round the result to two decimal places.

Price per Unit | Quantity |
---|---|

$5.99 | 3 |

$12.49 | 2 |

$8.75 | 4 |

### Step 2: Write the Multiplication Formula

In a new column, enter the multiplication formula to calculate the total price by multiplying the price per unit by the quantity. The formula should look like this:

=A2*B2

Where A2 is the cell containing the price per unit and B2 is the cell containing the quantity. Drag the formula down to apply it to all the rows in your spreadsheet.

Price per Unit | Quantity | Total Price |
---|---|---|

$5.99 | 3 | $17.97 |

$12.49 | 2 | $24.98 |

$8.75 | 4 | $35.00 |

### Step 3: Add the ROUND Function

To round the result of the multiplication formula, simply wrap the ROUND function around it. The updated formula should look like this:

=ROUND(A2*B2, 2)

This will round the result of multiplying the price per unit by the quantity to two decimal places. Once again, drag the formula down to apply it to all the rows.

Price per Unit | Quantity | Total Price (Rounded) |
---|---|---|

$5.99 | 3 | $17.97 |

$12.49 | 2 | $24.98 |

$8.75 | 4 | $35.00 |

### Step 4: Customize the Number of Decimal Places (Optional)

If you want to round to a different number of decimal places, you can easily modify the second argument in the ROUND function. For instance, to round to the nearest whole number, use:

=ROUND(A2*B2, 0)

To round to three decimal places, use:

=ROUND(A2*B2, 3)

Feel free to experiment with different numbers of decimal places to find the one that best suits your needs.

## Practical Examples of Using ROUND with Multiplication in Excel

To further illustrate the usefulness of the ROUND function with multiplication in Excel, here are a few more practical examples:

### Example 1: Calculating a Discounted Price

Suppose you have a spreadsheet with a list of products and their prices, and you want to apply a 20% discount to each product and round the result to two decimal places. Here’s what the formula would look like:

=ROUND(A2*0.8, 2)

Where A2 is the cell containing the original price. This formula multiplies the price by 0.8 (equivalent to applying a 20% discount) and rounds the result to two decimal places.

### Example 2: Calculating Sales Tax

When calculating sales tax on a purchase, you can use the ROUND function to round the result to the nearest cent. The formula would be structured as follows:

=ROUND(A2*0.08, 2)

Where A2 is the cell containing the subtotal and 0.08 represents an 8% sales tax rate. This multiplies the subtotal by the tax rate and rounds the result to two decimal places.

### Example 3: Calculating Weighted Averages

The ROUND function can also be invaluable when calculating weighted averages. For instance, if you have a spreadsheet with student grades and the weights of each assignment, you can calculate a weighted average rounded to one decimal place using a formula like this:

=ROUND((A2*0.25)+(B2*0.35)+(C2*0.4), 1)

Where A2, B2, and C2 are the cells containing the grades for each assignment, and 0.25, 0.35, and 0.4 are the respective weights of each assignment. This formula multiplies each grade by its weight, sums the results, and rounds the final average to one decimal place.

## Tips for Using ROUND with Multiplication in Excel

To make the most of the ROUND function when working with multiplication in Excel, keep these tips in mind:

**Maintain consistency in rounding:**When rounding multiple values in a spreadsheet, ensure that you use the same number of decimal places for all of them. This will make your data more uniform and easier to interpret.**Consider the context of your rounding:**Think about the reason behind rounding the values. If you’re dealing with currency, rounding to two decimal places is usually appropriate. However, if you’re working with precise measurements or other data, you may need to use more decimal places.**Always double-check your formulas:**It’s easy to make a small error when using the ROUND function in a formula, which can lead to incorrect calculations. Always take a moment to verify that your formulas are correct.**Utilize cell references instead of hardcoded values:**Rather than manually typing numbers into your formulas, use cell references whenever possible. This approach makes your formulas more adaptable and easier to update if your data changes.

## Final Thoughts

In conclusion, the ROUND function is an indispensable tool for anyone working with numbers in Excel, particularly when it comes to multiplication formulas. By rounding the results of your formulas, you can create cleaner, more readable, and more professional-looking spreadsheets.

With the step-by-step guide, practical examples, and helpful tips provided in this article, you should now have a thorough grasp of how to use the ROUND function with formula multiplication in Excel. So go ahead and start incorporating the ROUND function into your work—your spreadsheets will be all the better for it!

## FAQs

### What is the syntax for the ROUND function in Excel?

The syntax for the ROUND function in Excel is: `=ROUND(number, num_digits)`

, where **number** is the value you want to round and **num_digits** is the number of digits you want to round the number to.

### How do I use the ROUND function with multiplication in Excel?

To use the ROUND function with multiplication in Excel, wrap the ROUND function around your multiplication formula. For example: `=ROUND(A2*B2, 2)`

will multiply the values in cells A2 and B2 and round the result to two decimal places.

### Can I customize the number of decimal places when using the ROUND function?

Yes, you can customize the number of decimal places by changing the second argument in the ROUND function. For example, `=ROUND(A2*B2, 0)`

will round the result to the nearest whole number, while `=ROUND(A2*B2, 3)`

will round the result to three decimal places.

### What are some practical examples of using the ROUND function with multiplication in Excel?

Some practical examples include calculating discounted prices, sales tax, and weighted averages. For instance, to apply a 15% discount to a price and round the result to two decimal places, you can use the formula: `=ROUND(A2*0.85, 2)`

, where A2 is the cell containing the original price.

### What are some tips for using the ROUND function with multiplication in Excel?

Some tips include being consistent with your rounding, considering the purpose of your rounding, double-checking your formulas, and using cell references instead of hard-coded values. These tips will help you create more accurate, consistent, and flexible spreadsheets.

Vaishvi Desai is the founder of Excelsamurai and a passionate Excel enthusiast with years of experience in data analysis and spreadsheet management. With a mission to help others harness the power of Excel, Vaishvi shares her expertise through concise, easy-to-follow tutorials on shortcuts, formulas, Pivot Tables, and VBA.